Relationship between habits and precancerous lesions of the oral cavity – a clinicopathological study

  • Dr. Ajay Kumar Yadlapalli Associate Professor, Department of ENT, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. B Krishna Santosh Associate Professor, Department of ENT, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. Dwarampudi S K Reddy Former Resident, Department of ENT, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. Panda Veeranjaneyulu Professor and Head, Department of ENT, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. Maroju Lakshmi Snehitha Junior resident, Department of ENT, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. Pothula Priyanka Junior Resident, Department of ENT, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
Keywords: Oral, Cancers, Precancerous lesions, Habits, Clinicopathological study

Abstract

Introduction: Oral cancers account for 3% of total malignancies. A research was conducted to find the incidence, age, and sex distribution, clinical presentation, and the relationship between habits and various premalignant lesions of the oral cavity.

Methods: It was a hospital-based observational and cross-sectional study, conducted in GSL Medical College, Rajamahendravaram from October 2015 to April 2017. Individuals aged > 18 years, with leukoplakia, erythroplakia, blanched mucosa with or without fibrous bands and /or trismus suggestive of oral submucous fibrosis, bilateral whitish lesions with a reticular pattern suggestive of lichen planus, and ulcer against sharp tooth denture suggestive of traumatic dental ulcers were taken. Individuals with frank oral malignancy, those with terminal diseases, those who did not submit informed consent were not considered.

Results: The majority of patients (33.33%) were aged between 51 – 60 years, belong (62.75%) to lower socioeconomic status. Leukoplakia (64.7%) was a common clinical presentation. Most (49.02%) of the study patients presented with a burning sensation. When addictions were considered, 86.27% of patients were smokers, 23.53% were addicted to alcohol.

Conclusion: Leukoplakia was the commonest (64.71%) premalignant lesion, 51 – 60 years was the common age group. Premalignant lesions were most commonly seen among males, most of the study participants belong to low and middle socio-economic groups with a rural background. Diabetes mellitus was the most common comorbidity associated with premalignant lesions.

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CITATION
DOI: 10.17511/jooo.2021.i01.01
Published: 2021-01-30
How to Cite
Dr. Ajay Kumar Yadlapalli, Dr. B Krishna Santosh, Dr. Dwarampudi S K Reddy, Dr. Panda Veeranjaneyulu, Dr. Maroju Lakshmi Snehitha, & Dr. Pothula Priyanka. (2021). Relationship between habits and precancerous lesions of the oral cavity – a clinicopathological study. Tropical Journal of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, 6(1), 254-259. https://doi.org/10.17511/jooo.2021.i01.01
Section
Original Article

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