Tropical Journal of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology 2021-07-05T12:02:18+0530 Dr D Sharad Gedam Open Journal Systems <div id="journalDescription-3" class="journalDescription"> <p><em><strong>ISSN: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-6454 (Online)</a>,&nbsp; <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2581-4907 (Print)</a></strong></em></p> <p><em><strong>RNI: MPENG/2017/74152</strong></em></p> </div> Prevalence Of Refractive Errors In School Going Children In Rural And Urban Areas -A Cross-Sectional Study 2021-04-23T17:29:18+0530 Dr. Chimata Triveni Dr. Tirumuru Divya Dr. Ponna Rama Devi Dr. N. Lakshmi Chowdary Dr. Gantela Sirisha <p>Introduction: Visual impairment affects students’ routine schoolwork and day-to-day activities. Hence, the aim is to study the prevalence of various refractive errors and their comparison among school children of 5-15 years in rural and urban areas.</p> <p>Methods: This cross-sectional study examined 998 students from both rural and urban schools. After obtaining ethical clearance and informed consent, students were examined for refractive errors. The students with the refractive error were given a socio-demographic questionnaire and questionnaire regarding their usage of television, computer, and family history of refractive errors. A Chi-square test was used to test the statistical significance of proportions. P-value &lt; 0.05 was considered statistically significant, and data were analyzed by using coGuide software, V.1.03</p> <p>Results: The prevalence of refractive error was found to be 6.41 %, with a prevalence of 7.61% in urban and 5.21% in rural areas. The difference in the type of refractive error between the study groups was found to be insignificant, with P= 0.897.</p> <p>Conclusion: Prevalence of refractive errors was more in urban school children than rural. Refractive error was more prevalent in 13-15 years age group in both rural and urban school children. The most common refractive error was myopia, followed by astigmatism and hypermetropia.</p> 2021-04-23T16:36:27+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society Comparison of the efficacy between Ginkgo Biloba and Caroverine in the management of Idiopathic Tinnitus. 2021-05-12T12:26:14+0530 Dr. Khetawat Ravinder Raja Dr. Feroz Basha Shaik <p>Aim: This Study of Tinnitus management conducted to compare the efficacy of two drugs namely caroverine and gingko Biloba in Mahavir institute of medical sciences, Vikarabad over one year.</p> <p>Objective: To describe the results found in a group of people who have undergone treatment with carvoverine, gingko Biloba,placebo.</p> <p>Method: Using Tchqs Score 90 adult subjects with the complaint of tinnitus and associated symptoms were analyzed with Proper History, Clinical Examination and Pure Tone Audiometry and Thcq’s to determine the Degree of Annoyance of the Tinnitus and to Assess Tinnitus Impact on the Quality of Life before and after Treatment.</p> <p>Results: There was a significant reduction in the degree of annoyance caused by Tinnitus, there was a significant reduction of tinnitus and there was a significant improvement in hearing thresholds, consequently, on the Quality of Life of the respondents after using the caroverine, gingko Biloba.</p> <p>Conclusion: This study allowed the Verification that the use of Caroverine, gingko bilobaand placebo for the Treatment of Tinnitus and their Effect.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society Correlation between type 2 diabetes mellitus and central corneal thickness: A cross-sectional study 2021-07-05T12:02:18+0530 Dr. Jigish Desai <p>Background and Aim: Diabetes has emerged as an important global health concern because of its various adverse effects on the ocular tissue. The present study was done to study the correlation between type 2 diabetes mellitus and central corneal thickness in patients coming to the tertiary care institute of Gujarat, India.</p> <p>Material and Methods: The present study was conducted over 1 year at the tertiary care institute of Gujarat, India.50 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus previously diagnosed by a physician on treatment and 50 age-matched controls who are non-diabetics on history and blood sugar levels were enrolled. The central corneal thickness was measured using an ultrasound pachymeter using multiple reading single point modes by a single person.</p> <p>Results: The mean central corneal thickness in diabetics was 565 ± 21 micrometres and in non-diabetics was 517 ± 20 micrometres. The central corneal thickness was found to be higher in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus when compared to non-diabetics.</p> <p>Conclusion: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were found to have thicker corneas as compared to non-diabetics. This should take into consideration while interpreting intraocular pressure and before any refractive surgeries in diabetics.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society