Tropical Journal of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology https://opthalmology.medresearch.in/index.php/jooo <div id="journalDescription-3" class="journalDescription"> <p><em><strong>ISSN: <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2456-6454" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-6454 (Online)</a>,&nbsp; <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2581-4907" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2581-4907 (Print)</a></strong></em></p> <p><em><strong>RNI: MPENG/2017/74152</strong></em></p> </div> Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society en-US Tropical Journal of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology 2581-4907 Relationship between habits and precancerous lesions of the oral cavity – a clinicopathological study https://opthalmology.medresearch.in/index.php/jooo/article/view/160 <p>Introduction: Oral cancers account for 3% of total malignancies. A research was conducted to find the incidence, age, and sex distribution, clinical presentation, and the relationship between habits and various premalignant lesions of the oral cavity.</p> <p>Methods: It was a hospital-based observational and cross-sectional study, conducted in GSL Medical College, Rajamahendravaram from October 2015 to April 2017. Individuals aged &gt; 18 years, with leukoplakia, erythroplakia, blanched mucosa with or without fibrous bands and /or trismus suggestive of oral submucous fibrosis, bilateral whitish lesions with a reticular pattern suggestive of lichen planus, and ulcer against sharp tooth denture suggestive of traumatic dental ulcers were taken. Individuals with frank oral malignancy, those with terminal diseases, those who did not submit informed consent were not considered.</p> <p>Results: The majority of patients (33.33%) were aged between 51 – 60 years, belong (62.75%) to lower socioeconomic status. Leukoplakia (64.7%) was a common clinical presentation. Most (49.02%) of the study patients presented with a burning sensation. When addictions were considered, 86.27% of patients were smokers, 23.53% were addicted to alcohol.</p> <p>Conclusion: Leukoplakia was the commonest (64.71%) premalignant lesion, 51 – 60 years was the common age group. Premalignant lesions were most commonly seen among males, most of the study participants belong to low and middle socio-economic groups with a rural background. Diabetes mellitus was the most common comorbidity associated with premalignant lesions.</p> Dr. Ajay Kumar Yadlapalli Dr. B Krishna Santosh Dr. Dwarampudi S K Reddy Dr. Panda Veeranjaneyulu Dr. Maroju Lakshmi Snehitha Dr. Pothula Priyanka Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-01-30 2021-01-30 6 1 01 06 10.17511/jooo.2021.i01.01 A cross sectional study on awareness about eye donation among the students of a selected degree college and their willingness to pledge eyes for donation. https://opthalmology.medresearch.in/index.php/jooo/article/view/182 <p>Context: Corneal blindness is a major public health problem in India. Raising the level of awareness on eye donation is important to increase procurement of corneas as there is a significant mismatch between need and supply of corneal transplant.</p> <p>Aim: To assess the awareness and knowledge about eye donation among university students and to learn about their willingness to pledge eyes for donation.</p> <p>Settings and Design: A cross sectional study was conducted for a period of 6 months among the students of a degree college in an Indian urban city.</p> <p>Methods and Material: A pre tested &amp; semi structured questionnaire was given to the students to assess their knowledge about eye donation and their willingness to pledge eyes for donation.</p> <p>Statistical analysis used: Non probability samples (convenience sample) of 211 students were selected for the study.</p> <p>Results: The mean age of the students was 19.35 ± 0.73 years. Out of 211 students, 198 (94%) had heard about eye donation. Ideal time to remove eyes after death is known to 71% of the students. Only 08% of the students knew a person with Diabetes or Hypertension can donate his/her eyes. On willingness to pledge eyes for donation, 59% of the participants were ready to pledge and 05% were not willing to donate eyes.</p> <p>Conclusion: Even though the students have heard about eye donation the knowledge was lacking on important aspects of eye donation. The Majority have not registered for eye donation however willingness to pledge the eyes for donation was present among most of the students.</p> Dr. Shwetha NC Dr. Santosh Achappa Dr. Deeksha BM Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-02-28 2021-02-28 6 1 07 12 10.17511/jooo.2021.i01.02 Comparison of IOL power & axial length estimated by optical biomicroscopy and ultrasonic biometry. https://opthalmology.medresearch.in/index.php/jooo/article/view/179 <p>Aim: To compare IOL power &amp; axial length estimated by optical biometry (OB) and ultrasonic biometry (UB).</p> <p>Material &amp; methods: A prospective &amp; comparative study was planned to compare axial length &amp; IOL power calculated by Appa Scan AME - 01A (Appasamy Associates, India) (UB) &amp; IOL master 500 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) (OB). Autokeratometry evaluated using IOL master 500 &amp; SRK/T formula were taken for IOL power estimation. Spss software version 20.0 was used for analysis.</p> <p>Results: Overall agreement between UB &amp; OB for axial length &amp; IOL power was excellent ( weighted kappa 0.807 &amp; 0.825 respectively).</p> <p>Conclusion: Ultrasound biometry, a cost-effective method for IOL power &amp; axial length calculation, still holds value as compared to optical biometry for routine cataract surgeries.</p> Dr. M. Ramesh Chandra Dr. Kavya Konda Dr. S. Mounica Dr. T. Sreevathsala Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-02-28 2021-02-28 6 1 13 17 10.17511/jooo.2021.i01.03 Comparison of corneal power estimated by IOL master and manual keratometry https://opthalmology.medresearch.in/index.php/jooo/article/view/180 <p>Aim: To compare corneal power calculated by IOL master and manual keratometry.</p> <p>Material &amp; methods: A prospective, consecutive, comparative &amp; single-centre study was done in pre cataract surgery work up patients. Manual keratometry was done using Keratometer KMS-6 (Appasamy Associates, India) while automated keratometry was done with IOL master 500 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany). SPSS version 20.0 was used for statistical analysis.</p> <p>Results: Overall agreement between two methods was excellent for horizontal corneal diopteric power (kappa = 0.53 ) &amp; good for vertical corneal diopteric power (kappa = 0.46) using bland-altman analysis.</p> <p>Conclusion: Manual keratometry is still relevant in the era of digital automated keratometry measured by IOL master.</p> Dr. P. Sanjeeva Kumar Dr. T. Sreevathsala Dr. M. Tejaswini Dr. Kavya Konda Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-02-28 2021-02-28 6 1 18 21 10.17511/jooo.2021.i01.04