A study on the severity of diabetic retinopathy and macular edema in diabetes mellitus patients on hemodialysis

  • Dr. C.S. Sandhya Head of the Department, Department of Ophthalmology, SV Medical College, NTRUHS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • Dr. N G Prasoona Devi Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, SV Medical College, NTRUHS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. P. Hema Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, SV Medical College, NTRUHS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • Dr. S. Deepthi Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, SV Medical College, NTRUHS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. SK. Sameena Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, SV Medical College, NTRUHS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Keywords: Diabetic Macular Edema, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Retinopathy, Hemodialysis

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia. Microvascular abnormalities of DM include both nephropathy and retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) tends to deteriorate with failing renal function. Diabetic nephropathy constitutes the most common cause of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). ESRD patients require Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT) for survival. Hemodialysis is one of the major methods of RRT.

Aim: Aim of the study is to study the prevalence and severity of DR and Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) in diabetic patients on hemodialysis.

Study Design: A cross sectional observational study.

Methodology:105 diabetic patients undergoing hemodialysis for ESRD were subjected to detailed ophthalmic examination with a special emphasis on fundus examination for DR and macularedema. The severity of diabetic retinopathy and macular edema were graded according to International Clinical Diabetic Retinopathy Severity Scale and International Clinical Diabetic Macular Edema Severity Scale respectively.

Results: In the present study prevalence of DR was 89.8% and prevalence of DME was 23%. Prevalence of Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR) 61.4% was more than Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR) 38.6 percent.

Conclusion: The visual morbidity due to PDR and DME was high among the diabetic patients undergoing hemodialysis.

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Published
2020-02-10
How to Cite
C.S., S., Devi, D. N. G. P., P., H., S., D., & SK., S. (2020). A study on the severity of diabetic retinopathy and macular edema in diabetes mellitus patients on hemodialysis. Tropical Journal of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, 5(1), 30-38. https://doi.org/10.17511/jooo.2020.i01.06
Section
Original Article