Hyperthyroidism and its association with intraocular pressure and dry eye in teaching medical college
Background: Hyperthyroidism associated eye disease is a cosmetically and functionally debilitating disease that is seen worldwide. Objectives: To investigate the association of Hyperthyroidism with Intraocular pressure and Dry eye.
Methods: It was a hospital based cross sectional analysis conducted in teaching medical college for a period of 18 months from January 2018 to July 2019 in hyperthyroid patients, Consecutive sampling was done. Participants were divided into age groups. Hyperthyroidism was clinically and laboratory confirmed. Intraocular pressure and Dry eye were diagnosed by single ophthalmologist. SPSS version 22 was used for analysis. Chi square test was used to determine the association.
Results: Total 70 established hyperthyroidism patients were studied. The study was female preponderance. Increased Intraocular in hyperthyroid patients was found to be statistically significant. The most common presenting eye sign was found to be diminished vision in almost all patients of Hyperthyroidism which was found to be statistically significant. Age progresses the signs tends to increase in hypothyroidism patients. Diminished vision was found to be the most common eye sign among all age groups which was statistically significant. (p<0.05) followed by Upper lid retraction and ptosis.
Conclusions: Dry eye and increased IOP are commonly seen outcomes that should be managed diligently. This potentially sight- threatening condition is seen worldwide and has many functional and cosmetic consequences that need to be recognized. A larger prospective study will help us to know about the influence of risk factors on the severity of eye problems.
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